Yahuwah was designing and creating His divine calendar from creation. The purpose was and is to teach us about His plan of redemption through Yahushua the Messiah. "And Elohim said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years". (Gen.1:14)
Yahuwah’s calendar is based on the sun and the moon and the stars.. Today, we observe the Babylonian calendar, which is based on the sun, but Elohim’s calendar hasn’t changed. Yahuwah is the same yesterday, today, and forever. A key word that we must understand in Genesis 1:14 is seasons. This word has been translated and interpreted incorrectly for centuries. The root meaning of the word season is the Hebrew word "moade or moadim", it means "an appointed time, a festival."
Psalm 104:9 "Elohim appointed the moon for seasons"
The word seasons again is "moadim" which is "appointed times, festivals."
Therefore, we can say Yahuwah appointed the moon to determine the appointed times and festivals. In the ancient times the prophets and the apostles looked to the moon to determine the time of the month. They understood that the new moon marks the beginning of a month, and a full moon the middle of a month. This was the ancient method of counting months.
We need to realise that these "moadim-appointed times" were set in the earth prior to the creation of any living being. Elohim had already created a timetable for His children to meet with Him. Yahuwah does not make mistakes, nor does He change His mind. These appointed times are signs of Yahuwah's agreement with us, that He is our Elohim and we are His people.
It says in the book of Hosea, "My people perish for lack of knowledge". For centuries, there has been a veil over the Church producing an ignorance of Yahuwah's calendar. This has continued to keep the division between the Christian and the Jew, and also has made Christianity to look like a new religion with new manmade days inserted in the calendar. The solar calendar (Julian/Gregorian) and pagan inspired feast days have been substituted for Yahuwah’s divine calendar. Much of the pagan days came from the Roman Church, and again the reason was to separate the Church and its followers from the Jewish people.
"And Elohim spoke unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Yisrael, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of Yahuwah which you shall proclaim to be set-apart convocations, even these are MY feasts. These are the feasts of Yahuwah, even set-apart convocations, which you shall proclaim in their seasons." (Lev. 23:1-2, 4)
We need to take special note that these feasts are not called Jewish set-apart days; but Elohim calls them "My feasts", "The Feasts of Yahuwah". The word seasons again, is the Hebrew word "moadim", which is "the appointed times, and festivals." They are intended for all the followers of Yahuwah. These appointed times and festivals were given to Yisrael and were commanded to be observed throughout their generations forever. (Ex. 12:14,17; Lev. 23) When the children of Yisrael left Egypt many Gentile people left with them. They were called foreigners or sojourners, and also observed the appointed times and festivals/feasts. When a Gentile believer observes the feasts, that person is exercising their rights of citizenship (Eph. 2:19) as well as obeying Yahuwah’s commands. When you learn these feasts, you learn of Yahuwah’s ways, and His covenant. Remember, a covenant is an agreement between two people; therefore in each feast there is a promise from Yahuwah establishing His covenant with us. If we don’t understand or have a knowledge of the feasts, then we don’t know the promise that Yahuwah has given us.
Most of us lead very busy lives, and we carry appointment books so that we do not forget our scheduled appointments. Yahuwah has His own appointment book in heaven, in which He schedules special appointed times with us to meet with Him.. On these special appointed times His presence will be especially revealed to us. Of course, Yahuwah wants to meet with us every day, and when we take time to fellowship with Him He is always there. But, there is a special blessing that comes when His children meet Him on the appointed times and feasts that He perpetually set in His word.
In Leviticus 23, Yahuwah lists the appointed time of the weekly Sabbath and the seven Feasts of Yahuwah celebrated throughout the year. Each feast points to Yahushua past, present, and future, and is a picture of the redemptive work in our lives. The seven feasts are celebrated in two different seasons, which correspond to the two agricultural seasons. In Yisrael. There is a time of rain in the spring (former rain) and a time of rain in the fall (latter rain). This division relates to the two appearances that Messiah is to make on the earth: "…and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth." (Hos. 6:3)
The four spring feasts are: Passover (Pesach), The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Matzot), The Feast of First Fruits (Bikkurim), The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot), also known as Pentecost. The work of Messiah Yahushua during His first coming is seen most clearly in these feasts, as related to the former rain. The three fall feasts are: The Day of Blowing The Trumpet or Shofar (Yom Teruah), more popularly known as Head of the Year (Rosh Hashanah), The Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), The Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot). These fall feasts take place in Yahuwah's seventh month, which is the time of the latter rain, and contains revelation of Messiah’s second coming.
Yahushua said, "You shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free." In Matthew 24, the disciples asked Yahushua, "What will be the sign of your coming?" He tells them in verse 36 "But of that day and hour knows no man…" In Deuteronomy 29:29 it says, "The secret things belong to Yahuwah Elohim: but those things which are revealed belong to us and to our children for ever…" Paul writes in I Thessalonians 5:1 "But of the times and the seasons, brethren, you have no need that I write to you." The Gentile believers of the first century were attending synagogues, observed the Sabbath, the Feasts, therefore knowing their prophetic significance. Yet, today most of the Church is in ignorance in this area.
Now I am sure many of you are thinking, but Paul wrote we no longer have to observe the appointed times and feasts or the law. This is a huge study in itself that I encourage you to search out. IPaul observed the appointed times and feasts. Much of his writings have been misinterpreted due to wrong translations of words. For example, the word law in the New Testament in certain scriptures was referring to the legalism brought about by the added rabbinical laws, and not to the laws of Yahuwah This misunderstanding has made Christians think that the Old Testament and its laws are obsolete. In the book of Galatians and Colossians it is often interpreted that the apostle Paul was condemning those believers who were celebrating the feasts. This is not true; actually he was saying that the feasts lead to Messiah. Because of the way the Church has been taught, believers feel they no longer have to observe the appointed times and feasts. The appointed times and The Feasts of Yahuwah have a great deal to teach all believers bringing a new depth and fullness in our relationship with Him. In every appointed time and feast of Yahuwah’s calendar we find Yahushua.
Yahushua Himself and His disciples observed all of Yahuwah’s appointed times and feasts before an after His resurrection. Shouldn’t we want to celebrate them to?
For more information on the feasts go to Messenger of the Name You tube videos and watch the Feasts of Yahuwah series (click here)