top of page

Passover, Unleavened Bread and First Fruits

Pesach or Passover, Matzot or Unleavened bread and First Fruits are the first of YaHuWaH's appointed times laid out in scripture and take place in the first month of the year.

Leviticus Chapter 23 Verses 4 - 8

"These are the appointed times of YaHuWaH, set-apart gatherings which you are to proclaim at their appointed times. In the first new moon (month), on the fourteenth day of the new moon (month) between the evenings, is the Pesach (Passover) to YaHuWaH. And on the fifteenth day of this new moon (month) is the Festival of Matzot (unleavened bread) to YaHuWaH, seven days you eat unleavened bread. On the first day you have a set apart gathering; you do no servile work. And you shall bring an offering made by fire to YaHuWaH for seven days. On the seventh day is a set-apart gathering; you do no servile work."

Passover and Unleavened Bread commemorates YaHuWaH's deliverance of the children of Israel as slaves out of Egypt. YaHuWaH sent Moses to confront Pharaoh of Egypt with the message “let my people go” accompanied with signs, wonders, miracles, and a series of plagues to confirm His will. However, Pharaoh's heart was continually hardened and he continually refused. After the 9th plague, YaHuWaH told Moses to tell His people to kill a lamb “without blemish” (Exodus12:5) and to cover the lintels and doorposts of their homes with the blood of the unblemished lamb.

Exodus Chapter 12 Verses 12 -13

"And I shall pass through the land of Mitsrayim (Egypt) on that night, and shall strike all the first-born in the land of Egypt, both man and beast. And on all the mighty ones of Egypt I shall execute judgment: I am YaHuWaH. And the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I shall pass over you; and let the plague not come on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt."

That night at midnight, YaHuWaH's angel of death struck down all the first-born in Egypt – including Pharaoh’s own son, but 'passed over' the homes that had the lamb’s blood applied to the doorframes as He had instructed. After this Pharaoh finally let the Israelites go. This was the final plague that delivered the Israelites from bondage in Egypt. To remember His deliverance YaHuWaH declared;

Exodus Chapter 12 Verse 14 - 17

"This day shall become to you a remembrance. And you shall celebrate it as a festival to YaHuWaH throughout your generations - celebrate it as a festival, an everlasting law. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. Indeed on the first day you cause leaven to cease from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that being shall be cut off from Yisrael. And on the first day is a set apart gathering and on the seventh day you have a set apart gathering. No work at all is done on them; only that which is eaten by every being, that alone is prepared by you. And you shall guard the Festival of Matzot (Unleavened Bread), for on this same day I brought your divisions out of the land of Mitsrayim (Egypt). And you shall guard this day throughout your generations, an everlasting law."

As you can see from these verses in Leviticus Chapter 23 and Exodus Chapter 12 there are two set-apart days where we meet with YaHuWaH. His appointed times. The first is after Passover on the first day of unleavened bread and then also on the 7th day of unleavened bread. No work is to be done on these set-apart days.

We can see the fulfilment of Passover and Unleavened bread through our Messiah. Messiah Yahushua lived a perfect and sinless life and He showed loving kindness to those in need, and boldly challenged the false teachings of the religious authorities who collaborated with the political authorities to crucify Him on Passover. Through the shedding of His blood at this exact appointed time, He became our ultimate Passover protection and sacrifice and
 “the perfect Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world”  John Chapter 1 Verse 29 

He was buried during Unleavened Bread, without the 'yeast' of sin in His life and rose again on the third day. When we choose to come into Covenant with YaHuWaH and repent, we must turn away from our old ways and remove the leaven of sin and hypocrisy from our lives. This was the exact message Yahushua came with, it was the message of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.

Luke Chapter 24 Vesres 45 - 47
"Then He (Yahushua) opened their minds to understand the scriptures, and said to them, 'Thus it has been written, and so it was necessary for the Messiah to suffer and rise again from the dead the third day, and that repentance and forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.” 

You will notice that there is no mention about celebrating 'Good Friday' or 'Easter Sunday'. If you look throughout scripture you will not find any verse which tells us to celebrate these holidays. These are Pagan holidays which have been introduced by man to replace YaHuWaH's appointed times.

For more information on the Pagan influences of Easter watch the video here.

First Fruits

During the seven day Festival of Unleavened Bread another important event occurs often called the Feast of First Fruits or the Counting of the Omer. Its proper name should be the First or 'Resheet' offering.

Leviticus Chapter 23 Verses 9 - 14

"And YaHuWaH spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the children of Yisrael and say to them, 'When you come into the land which I give you, and shall reap its harvest, then you shall bring an omer of the first-fruits of your harvest to the priest. And he shall wave the omer before YaHuWaH, for your acceptance. On the morrow after the Sabbath the priest waves it. And on that day, when you wave the omer, you shall prepare a male lamb, a year old, without blemish, as an ascending offering to YaHuWaH and its grain offering, two tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering made by fire to YaHuWaH, a sweet fragrance, and its drink offering: one fourth of a hin of wine. And you do not eat bread or roasted grain or fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your God - a law forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings."

So you can see from this scripture that first fruits is a special offering given by the priest. Many translations speak of a 'sheaf' but the Hebrew clearly says an 'omer' which literally means a 'heap'. The omer has a special link with the manna provided by YaHuWaH to the children of Yisrael. Aaron was specifically commanded to take up an omer of the manna and keep it in a jar as a reminder for future generations (Exodus 16 v 32 - 36). The first fruits offering marks the start of the barley harvest. It was presented by the priest on behalf of Yisrael, who could then begin harvesting after purging out the old leaven.

The first fruit offering also includes a lamb without blemish, flour and oil (matzas) and a wine offering as eaten in the Passover meal however, in our opinion it is not a necessity to eat lamb as not everyone eats meat and some believers in Yahushua regard Him to be our Passover lamb and therefore do not desire to eat lamb on these feast days. We don't see a problem with that but there are others who do...

First fruits is a picture of Messiah's resurrection. After three days and three nights in the grave, Yahushua rose from the dead and delivered himself to our Heavenly Father as an offering of the 'first fruits of the resurrection.'

The First Fruits offering also begins the count to the next appointed time, the festival of Shavout (Pentecost / Weeks). First fruits is not an appointed time or set-apart day.

(This is just a brief overview of Passover, unleavened bread and first fruits. For further information go to the video page for some great teachings.)

bottom of page